For social and cultural upliftment of the Champaran villages, Gandhiji did many things. He fought for justice for the sharecroppers of Champaran. The sharecroppers got freedom from the prolonged fear of the British landlords only due to him. He decided to eradicate illiteracy by opening primary schools over there. His wife Kasturba taught the lessons of cleanliness and sanitation to the people. A doctor volunteered for six months in the village to keep a check on health issues Personal and community hygiene was emphasized by Gandhiji.